Stock exchanges
Number of listed companies
Domestic market capitalization
million US$

London Stock Exchange

Name London Stock Exchange
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Number of listed companies 1991
Domestic market capitalization 3574555.01 million US$
SSE Partner Exchange Yes
Has annual sustainability report Yes

ESG reporting required as a listing rule No

Listing rules are set by the regulator, not the LSE. In the UK the changes to the Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors Report) regulations came into effect on 1 October 2013. This means extra reporting on greenhouse gas emissions, human rights and diversity is now required within the front half of the annual report. Source

Has written guidance on ESG reporting Yes

Offers ESG related training Yes

  • Through FTSE, which is wholly owned by LSEG, detailed ESG ratings and data are provided to the investment community globally. These are presented at a variety of investor conferences globally and FTSE works with asset owners, asset managers and banks to develop tailor custom ESG services. Source
  • Practicing Integrated Thinking & Reporting (with Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, 2014)
  • In 2022, LSEG provided training on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD recommendations) in collaboration with the SSE, CDP and IFC. (source)

Market covered by sustainability-related index Yes

Has sustainability bond listing segment Yes

  • LSEG has a range of dedicated green bond segments, launched in June 2015. There are currently 42 green bonds listed on LSE.
  • Green bond factsheet from April 2017 can be found here.


Has SME listing platform Yes

Women on boards mandatory minimum rule No

Additional information

Organizational model of stock exchange
  • Listed company for profit; demutualized in UK in 2000

Regulatory bodies

Regulatory model
Government (Statutory) Model

  • The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) is responsible for regulating the financial services markets, exchanges and firms. They have full listing authority in the UK, and have full power to monitor the markets. The FCA looks after conduct, competition and actions that occur on the London Stock Exchange. This would thus be considered a Government (Statutory) Model.

About the stock exchange

Location: London, United Kingdom

  • London Stock Exchange is one of the world’s oldest stock exchanges and can trace its history back more than 300 years.
  • London Stock Exchange Group was created in October 2007 when London Stock Exchange merged with Milan Stock Exchange, Borsa Italiana. Source


Ownership of Exchange (Shares >4% only) Share
Borse Dubai Ltd 20.71%
Qatar Investment Authority 15.40%
Fidelity Investments 5.00%
Lindsell Train Ltd. 4.40%

Criteria for Stock Exchange Database

The SSE maintains a database of sustainability activities for all stock exchanges that are either members of the SSE initiative and/or members of the World Federation of Exchanges. This database is the most comprehensive database of stock exchanges worldwide and contains data on all main stock exchanges. The information in this database is intended to inform investors and other stakeholders on the work stock exchanges are undertaking to advance sustainability in their respective markets.

The information provided in this database is based on publicly available information prepared by the SSE Secretariat with input from stock exchanges in most instances. Sources and explanatory notes on sustainability information have been included in individual Stock Exchange Fact Sheets. The criteria for each category can be found below.

While every effort is made to keep the information in this database up to date, please be aware that certain factors change frequently and therefore may not be exact, such as the number of listed companies or market cap.


Criteria Considered

Country Country of primary residence or registration
Has signed the SSE Commitment Letter? To be considered an SSE Partner Exchange, the CEO or Chairperson of the exchange must sign an SSE commitment letter. Contact the SSE for more information if your exchange would like to join.
Has annual sustainability report? For a yes, stock exchanges must report, either in a stand alone report or integrated into their financial report, on their environmental and social impact and corporate governance.
ESG reporting required as a listing rule? For a yes, all three factors have been considered (environmental, social and governance) within the listing rules for some or all listed companies. This requirement may come from the regulatory authority or the exchange, depending on the market.
Offers written guidance on ESG reporting? For a yes, all three factors have been considered (environmental, social and governance). The SSE has developed a model guidance that all exchanges can use to develop their own guidance to issuers. For more details, click here.
Offers ESG related training? For a yes, training must have taken place in the previous 12 months, and must be interactive. The topic of the training must be on some area of sustainability.
Market covered by sustainability-related index? Sustainability-related indices may include environmental or social  indices, or ESG indices. This could include specific themes, such as low carbon indices, or general sustainability indices. The index must be specific to the market the exchange operates in (a region or world index is not included).
Has sustainability bond listing segment? For a yes, the exchange has developed the rules and regulations allowing for sustainability bonds to be listed, and provides a separate segment for listing making the bonds easy to find and identify.
Has an SME listing platform? For a yes, the exchange offers a listing platform specifically for Small-and-Medium sized enterprises.
Additional Information Additional Information captures exchanges’: sustainability section of websites,  sustainability products not captured under indices; information on future sustainability commitments and other information on the exchange
Organizational model of stock exchange Whether the exchange is listed or not, and when it was demutualized
Regulatory bodies The regulatory authority that sets listing requirements and capital market regulation for the exchange's market
Regulatory model

The extent to which exchanges have regulatory authority in their market. This may include:

  • Limited exchange SRO
  • Strong exchange SRO
  • Independent member SRO
  • Government (Statutory)
  • Non-SRO
About the stock exchange The location of the headquarters of the exchange, and any additional details about the stock exchange.